quest for the nation

bingo! according to recent polls, 80% of respondents have no idea how to vote under the new system in local elections, which is being used for the first time. and election officials have little understanding of the complex algorithm for counting votes. according to experts, this sunday we may receive up to a third of bulletins with errors. if they really wanted to please the european sponsors and arrange for the population a quest from the category of “the devil will break his leg,” then at least they could carry out explanatory work. but this is not about us ...

so, according to the october poll of the cmis and the democratic initiatives foundation, only 20% of the population has a general idea of ​​how the voting will take place and how to fill out the new ballot. the rest do not understand at all what awaits them near the ballot boxes. so first a portion of the educational program.

in the elections of mayors and rural heads in settlements with a population of up to 90 thousand people, the election rules have not changed. there the winner will be the one for whom more voters will vote on sunday than for his competitors.

in addition, it is possible to vote for deputies to city and district councils, for deputies to united territorial communities (otg) and for the head of the ex. the main thing is not to confuse at the first stage who, in fact, we elect.

it is easiest for the people of kiev: they will have two ballots - for the mayor and the city council deputies. in the dnieper there are four types of elections: to the regional council, the district council, for the mayor and the city council. in zhytomyr, kropyvnytskyi, poltava, kherson and some other regions, they will hand out five ballots each: for the district and regional councils, the mayor of the village, the head of the department and the deputies in the otg.

in 35 large cities (in all regional centers, as well as in dniprodzerzhinsk, kryvyi rih, nikopol, pavlograd, kramatorsk, mariupol, slavyansk, berdyansk, melitopol, bila tserkva, lisichansk, severodonetsk and kremenchug) to celebrate the victory will be able to only those candidates for mayor, for whom more than half of the voters will vote on sunday. if, according to the results of the elections, the winner gains less than 50% of the votes, on november 15, a second round will be held, in which the candidates taking the first two places will take part.

in settlements where more than 10 thousand people live, elections will be held according to a proportional system (earlier this concerned cities with 90 thousand inhabitants). voters must vote for political parties and for a candidate from their chosen party. self-nominated candidates are not allowed.

you can put both a tick and a cross in front of a political party. but among the candidates, you need to choose one surname and enter the number that stands next to this surname in the second box. and not just how to write it in, but only in a special index method by points in a square. once upon a time our parents wrote the index on envelopes

it would be too soft to say that this is foolishness. say, in an urban-type settlement with a population of 10.5 thousand people, where half of them work in earnings and almost everyone knows each other, and, at best, 1.5 thousand voters will come to the elections, you will have to choose from a dozen parties, national and local and each party has several candidates numbered on the list. in order to be elected, they need, on average, only a few dozen votes. was it worth building a garden because of such numbers? more guests come to the wedding!

in general, the updated electoral system for the so-called open or semi-open lists is, as olga aivazovskaya, a prominent representative of the opora grant structure, said in an interview with rbk-ukraine, “a test of the quick reaction of party headquarters, members commissions and voters ”. i am touched by her words: “we will be able to measure even our public iq, because it is a really difficult task - to hold elections, organize voting and vote counting”.

in short, those who are called "grant eaters" decided to conduct an experiment on the population of ukraine, test it iq and demonstrate to the world most likely disappointing results. and at the same time punish those who are not smart for breaking rules.

by the way, about the rules. the most difficult task is to fill out the ballot so that it will not be rejected. it is arranged, at first glance, simply. on the left - the name of the party. on the right - a list of candidates from her under the numbers that go through your district. it is necessary to vote for both the party and the candidate from it.

but polls show that the majority of voters do not understand that it is only necessary to choose a candidate in an already elected party. you cannot vote for a candidate from a party a, if you have marked a party c.

you can put both a tick and a cross in front of a political party. but among the candidates you need to choose one surname and enter the number that stands next to this surname in the second box. and not just how to write it in, but only in a special indexing way by points in a square. once upon a time our parents wrote the index on envelopes. the population under 35 is not very familiar with this option.

this is where a lot of people die. according to the polls, the majority of voters think that it is enough to underline the name of their candidate or circle his number with a circle. but it is better to write the name in the boxes. but this is not the case. any unauthorized creativity - your voice goes to the trash can.

this quest doesn't end there. we just go to the level above. after the vote, one more rule comes into force, invented by the entertainers-legislators: 25% of the votes of the electoral quota.

to be elected to the council, a party must receive 5% of voters' support. here it is also necessary to take into account that one and the same candidate is, in fact, in two lists of his party: a single electoral list, which should not exceed the quantitative composition of the deputies of the corresponding council (in kiev there are 120, in kremenchuk - 42 seats, etc. .), and electoral lists for each territorial district. moreover, this last list must include no less than five and no more than twelve candidates for deputy.

if none of the candidates in the constituencies gained 25%, but the party as a whole in the city overcame the 5% barrier, candidates # 1 and # 2 from the central list will receive mandates, even if they collected less votes than their counterparts. do not understand the meaning of the configuration? do not need! no one has yet fully solved this equation.

there is a conflict with the gender quota. we have already written that when forming a single and territorial lists, each five candidates should have two women and two men. if the list is not a multiple of five, then candidates of each gender should be included in turn. and then it turns out that the voters supported all the men, and the women were “banned”. or vice versa. what to do?

experts say that a large number of votes in specific constituencies will allow individual candidates who are lower on the list to move higher and increase their chances of getting into the local council. it is for this, according to its apologists, that the system of open lists was introduced. well, i don’t know ...

another innovation of the 2020 local elections is gender quotas. now the party list must include at least 40% of persons of the same sex. that is, there must be at least two people of the same gender among the five candidates. otherwise, the central election commission will not allow such a party to participate in the voting.

i am touched by the tolerance of the wording. not to just write: men or women. persons of the same sex! that is, it is clear that the law was invented with an eye to the future, when in ukraine there will be persons of another gender, except for two famous ones. as it is now fashionable to say, the third sex. everything is possible - we are going to europe! to freedom!

the meaning of the so-called open party list is also not clear to everyone. some experts say that this encourages candidates below second place to campaign for themselves and for the party to get higher. but as for me it is a "double sale". first, the applicant needs to “appease” the party, then also spend money on his advertising among voters. at the same time, those who are “from above” may not take a steam bath and not promote either themselves or the party. but this thing is ...

now let's talk about the procedure for counting votes and distributing mandates with electoral quotas. let's start with the fact that there is no clear answer in the legislation which ballots are valid and which are invalid. almost all experts admit it. moreover, we do not know what amazing “finds” await us in the already filled out ballots. the new electoral system is being applied for the first time. so there may be dispute around one newsletter for an hour. it is clear that the vote count will be delayed.

or it may happen that a candidate included in a single party list, say, in 10th place, received a lot of votes in the constituency. then he automatically climbs the ladder of the single list. how to calculate it quickly and reliably on the scale of a large settlement with a million voters, and not be mistaken? there is only one answer - a math problem is not for first graders.

there is also a conflict with the gender quota. we have already written that when forming a single and territorial lists, each five candidates should have two women and two men. if the list is not a multiple of five, then candidates of each gender should be included in turn. and then it turns out that the voters supported all the men, and the women were “banned”. or vice versa. what to do?

which is funny - i read that in ukraine, in order to increase the democratization of the electoral process in local elections, a german model of the electoral system was introduced. nothing like this! my german friends say that everything is much simpler there, almost the same as in parliament. at the level of the provinces - half of the mandates are distributed among specific deputies, the other half - between political parties. urban, communal and rural local governments are elected in accordance with a proportional electoral system. and we wanted to do the best, but it turned out as always ...

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