a pig farm named after ilona mask, or industrial parks in ukrainian

someone will explain to me why a great agrarian power needs industrial parks? and about what $ 8 billion investments did the head of the parliament's tax committee nina yuzhanina talk about? we haven’t had time to build a hyperloop yet, but have already soaped up to take away the status of a world workshop from china. or is it all about tax benefits, which are pleasant in every respect? as world experience shows, and our own too, this bait does not always work ...

just remembered about the hyperloop, how it appeared. so far only on paper. ukrainian news agency recently released the text of a memorandum of cooperation in the field of hyperloop vacuum train technologies. the memorandum was signed by the ministry of infrastructure of ukraine and hyperloop transportation technologies.

the document provides for the exchange of experience during joint meetings of the parties, as well as ensuring the organization of visits by ntt delegations to the test site in dnipro and visits of delegations of the ministry of infrastructure to the htt innovation center in toulouse (france). it is also planned to hold regular working meetings and create joint working groups.

a ready-made program for obtaining the status of an industrial park "hyperloop-dynipro", for example. or you can call it something else. let's not get hung up on naming. let's go straight to ghostly innovations and very real tax incentives.

as they write all the same “ukrainian news”, “after the adoption in the first reading of bills no. 2554a-d and no. 2555a-d, a wave of registration of new industrial parks swept across the country. business is looking forward to the final solution of the issue from the parliament, two years. ”

i understand business: it is in anticipation of the five-year exemption promised in the draft laws from income tax, from import duty on equipment, a five-year installment plan for payment of import vat, a reduction in real estate taxes, land, etc.

i understand the business: it is in anticipation of the five-year exemption from income tax, import duty on equipment, a five-year installment plan for payment of import vat, tax cuts on real estate, land, etc. promised in the draft laws.

but i don’t understand prime minister vladimir groisman when he says that the issue of industrial parks is a priority for the government, and the verkhovna rada, after returning from vacation, should adopt the relevant bills on tax incentives. how is he going with these benefits to fulfill the budget, which is already on the verge of sequestration? and what will we say to the imf when he arrives in the fall (if he does) and demands an explanation?

all these, in fact, rhetorical questions would not matter if our industrial parks could really become a driver of industrial growth. or at least close to their counterparts in china and the united states. but the whole problem is that the ukrainian understanding of this term is terribly far from world realities.

as a rule, industrial parks are created not for the sake of tax breaks, but to solve the problem of extraterritoriality and for the compact location of high-tech industries and research centers.

elon musk did not focus on the benefits when he built an industrial park in nevada for the production and improvement of lithium-ion batteries for tesla electric vehicles called the tahoe reno industrial center (tric). tric operates according to the standard tax formula for its state. and the goal of the park was to attract thousands of the best battery technology specialists and create appropriate working conditions for them. without creating a “battery of the future”, electric vehicles cannot be brought to a level that would allow them to defeat petrol and gas competitors.

another example is one of the world's largest technology parks, suzhou, with an area of ​​80 square kilometers. he specializes in software and creates the working and living conditions for 400,000 employees and service personnel. suzhou has no special tax incentives. its main feature is extraterritoriality: the park is located on the sino-singaporean border in the jiangsu province and “clings” to the territories of two countries at once.

according to our fashionable slang classification, we would call it not a technopark, but an it-cluster or a hub. i remember that in 2016 it was planned to create the largest it-hub in eastern europe in lviv. but replaced this ambitious plan with the construction of a waste recycling plant.

now they are discussing the construction of a techno hub in a residential area of ​​kiev - in troyeshchyna. it is still difficult to imagine what kind of "silicon valley" could appear on the site of the troeschino market, but there is no doubt that it will have nothing to do with the industrial center in suzhou or nevada.

i say this with such confidence, since all 30 industrial parks already registered in ukraine fully confirm my words. are you generally aware that industrial parks are not at all groisman's know-how, but the legacy of the “anti-popular regime” and, in particular, the state investment project headed by vladislav kaskiv? yes, by the same kaskiv, who in 2012 signed the notorious billion-dollar agreement on the construction of an lng terminal with a ski instructor from spain, and was recently deported from panama (in the sense of kaskiv, not an instructor).

and when i read that “industrial parks are successfully operating in the usa, china, turkey, poland, korea, malaysia, israel and other countries showing high rates of production development”, i get a sense of sustainable déjà vu. as if all the arguments were taken exclusively from the kaskiv, from the "national project" industrial parks of ukraine ".

the idea to shove the most ordinary production under the banner of such parks and receive tax breaks, apparently, pleased the business close to yanukovych's entourage, and at the beginning of 2014, applications for industrial parks fell like a cornucopia. by the beginning of the maidan, in the fall of 2014, the state agency for investment and management of national projects (i.e. kaskiv) managed to register 12 projects.

among them is the widely publicized brainchild of millionaire vasily khmelnitsky with the loud name bionic hill in the white church, the mirotskoye industrial park in the village of the same name in the kiev region. “svema” and “trostyanets” - in sumy, “ryasnoe-2” in lviv, “solomonovo” in transcarpathia, “valley” in ivano-frankivsk region, etc.

i can’t say anything about the innovativeness of these objects, since none of them worked. and here the prize for straightforwardness was earned by khmelnytsky, who said in an interview with league.net that “the implementation of bionic hill will continue as ukraine emerges from the economic crisis” (bravo, vasya!). but the unfulfilled plans listed the most common types of activity: the production of building materials; woodworking, light, food industry; alternative energy; manufacturers of automotive components (read - cables), etc.

i'm embarrassed to ask: why can't all this be done without the status of an industrial park and without tax benefits? how is the food industry inside an industrial park different from that outside it?
and is it possible to open, for example, an innovative pig farm within the i-park, where pigs will grunt to music and do morning exercises? this, of course, is not work on a "battery of the future", but, on the other hand, no one expects such a technological miracle from ukraine.

and is it possible to open, for example, an innovative pig farm within the i-park, where pigs will grunt to music and do morning exercises? this, of course, is not work on a "battery of the future", but, on the other hand, no one expects such a technological miracle from ukraine.

if we are talking about a level playing field for business, then at least the appearance of fiscal fairness should be created. let us then give all domestic industries tax benefits! the budget, of course, will burst, pensioners will be left without pensions, the army will be without ammunition, and groisman will have to receive a new apple watch as a gift from his wife, but ... the shed, burned down, and the hut, as they say.

the ideologists of "industrial park building" have nothing to say on this score. and they appeal to the experience of countries that, as they think, are close in their development to ukraine.

for example, the czech republic is said to have created 100 parks from 1998 to 2005, for which 200 million euros were spent. investors over the same period invested 9 billion euros in new production and created 70 thousand jobs. and in hungary, industrial parks have been developing since 1992, now there are more than 200 of them, they employ 200 thousand people (one thousand per park).

at the same time, everyone somehow loses sight of the fact that in the czech and hungarian versions it was a question of a compact location of the production capacities of transnational giants, which in the early 90s poured into the former countries of the soviet bloc, since there was a skilled labor force and low salary standards.

thus, the jasfensaru industrial park (hungary) houses 30 industrial facilities, including samsung electronics magyar zrt., sangjin micron hungary kft., seong ji hungary kft., hirsch porozell kft., etc. the main advantage of this park is a good transport interchange: 60 km from budapest, a large railway junction and a specially built autobahn.

in the czech republic, such a compact production center has become a technopark on the outskirts of the ostrava: there are hyundai, dell, asus, general electric (customer support center in central and eastern europe), tietoenator, hsbc bank office and other international companies. the most comfortable living conditions were created for them.

the thought that upon hearing about industrial parks in ukraine, investors will move out of their cozy nests in the czech republic and hungary, rush to us in a crowd, taking the $ 8 billion mentioned by ms. southerner, for some reason makes me smile. i even do not know why. i am also surprised that agitators do not remember russia, where at one time they produced a large amount of “such good”, but completely different factors became the impetus for the technological development of the “aggressor”.

and the most “convincing” argument is the example of macedonia, from which our smart guys borrowed most of the tax breaks. thus, in all four industrial parks in the country, investors have been exempted for 10 years not only from income tax, but also from personal income tax, vat on trade in goods and services, import duties and land taxes.

the only pity is that it didn't help macedonia. and we are unlikely to hear about a great innovation breakthrough in this country experiencing a severe economic crisis in the near future. therefore, we should not be wise either. let's dwell on the hyperloop. one toy for the authorities is quite enough ...

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